IB Middle Years Programmme (MYP)
The MYP is a coherent and comprehensive curriculum framework that provides academic challenge and develops the life skills appropriate to this age group. As part of the IB’s continuum of international education, the MYP naturally follows the PYP and can serve as excellent preparation for the DP. In the MYP, the school ensures that disciplinary concepts are taught, that interdisciplinary links are forged and that teaching is appropriate for students at different developmental levels.
The programme model
The IB Middle Years Programme is a programme of study designed to meet the educational requirements of students aged between 11 and 16 years. The curriculum may be developed as an entity in itself, but the framework is flexible enough to allow the demands of national, regional or local legislation to be met. The programme model of the MYP places the learner at its centre. This underscores the IB’s belief in educating the whole person, and placing importance on student inquiry.
The principles of the MYP are deeply rooted in international education. The driving force behind all IB programmes is a deeply held philosophy about the nature of international education. This philosophy is reflected firstly in the IB mission statement, which expresses the IB’s overall purpose as an organization promoting and developing programmes of international education. Secondly, the IB has made a statement of its beliefs and values as defined by the outcomes of student learning in IB World Schools. The IB defines this learning through a learner profile that encompasses the aims of the curriculum.
A range of inter-related factors are reflected in the definition of 'international mindedness'. This has become evident over the years, where a profile has emerged of the kind of student who represents the essence of the programme, the kind of student who, in establishing a personal set of values, will be laying the foundation upon which international-mindedness is developed and allowed to flourish. The attributes of such a learner are listed in the IB learner profile.
MYP fundamental concepts
The MYP has been guided by three fundamental concepts that are rooted in the IB mission statement. These three fundamental concepts are:
- holistic learning —representing the notion that all knowledge is interrelated and that the curriculum should cater to the development of the whole person, the attributes of which are described by the IB learner profile
- intercultural awareness —representing the notion that school communities should encourage and promote international-mindedness by engaging with and exploring other cultures, a key feature of international education as reflected in the attributes of the IB learner profile
- communication —representing the notion that schools should encourage open and effective communication, important skills that contribute to international understanding as exemplified by the attributes of the IB learner profile.
Teaching subject areas by using a core of various contexts allows teaching and learning to focus on attitudes, values and skills. These contexts for learning, known as the five Areas of Interaction, are common to the programme in all schools offering the MYP and serve to bring together the varied subject content that will be found in the diversity of cultural and linguistic settings around the world. They provide common organizing strategies and also allow for the diversity of student needs, interests and motivations. By using these contexts, teachers can engage students with environmental, health and community issues of sustainability that affect students today, and how humans can solve the problems for the future.
(Extracted from: MYP-From Principles into Practice, August 2008 edition)